Types of Vaccine Support
Vaccine support is a very fragile unit in medication as it involves the study of illness characteristics and how to come up with a cure of the disease. For a vaccine to meet its purpose in the right manner of functionality it should working such a manner that it fights the microbes that cause the disease without affecting or altering other elements of the body functionality. Vaccines that happen to affect various cells or alter their functionality when the immune system is responding to microbe is termed to have negative effects thus it cannot carry its purpose effectively. Additionally there are some factors that should be considered when coming up with an effective vaccine which should be how friendly the medicine is with other forms of treatment and the region the patients are in the world just to mention a few of the considerations.
The main type of support vaccines are five and will be discussed in the article and they are: toxic vaccine, inactive vaccine, attenuate vaccine, subunit vaccine and conjugate vaccine. These type of vaccine is developed in the vaccine where the real microbe in weakened in the lab to such a point that it cannot harm the body cells causing illness where the real behavior of the microbe is studied so as to find a suitable vaccine. To learn how a microbe functions in the body a similar environment is created in the lab for learning purposes where microbes are studied. The long run aim is to rate the amount of antibodies that the body can possibly release to fight the microbe and how to design a drug that can fight the disease with a few doses. Some example of such vaccine support diseases are smallpox vaccine, yellow fever, measles, mumps, rubella, chickenpox and rotavirus.
The other form of support vaccines is the toxic vaccine caused by bacteria that produce harmful chemicals. The toxic produced by the bacteria becomes harmful to the body. Formalin can be used to treat inactive toxin which is a solution of formaldehyde and sterilized water. Antibodies are produced after immunization to fight toxic substances and stop productions of the toxic matter. The common toxics produced by the body are tetanus and diphtheria.
Polysaccharides are used to help protect immature immune systems against illness by linking toxoids and antigens to the immune system. When there are sugar coating on a bacterium that ensures that bacterium antigens protect the immune system of newborn does not react to bacterium antibodies is known as polysaccharides.